Monsanto plant breeder Bill McCarthy devised snack-sized sweet bell peppers 1/3 as big as their more familiar cousins. They are sold in packs like baby carrots under the name BellaFina.
Harry Klee of the University of Florida and his colleagues have just debuted two new tomato cultivars, Garden Gem and Garden Treasure, which combine the fantastic flavor of heirlooms with the firmness and smooth skin of conventional supermarket tomatoes.
Frescada is a crispy, nutritious cross between Romaine and Iceberg lettuce developed at Monsanto.
Michael Mazourek of Cornell University and his colleagues created an orange pepper called the habanada that has all the flavor and aroma of a habanero, but none of its heat.
Produced by Monsanto, the EverMild is a sweet yellow onion that does not irritate the eyes and is available to American consumers in the fall, when U.S.-grown sweet onions are usually in short supply.
Thomas Bjorkman of Cornell University, Mark Farnham of the United States Department of Agriculture and their many teammates are creating a new variety of broccoli that can thrive in the East Coast's hot humid summers. In such conditions, current broccoli cultivars grow unattractive heads with buds of mismatched sizes.
These gorgeous, somewhat crunchy orange and gold striped beets were bred by Irwin Goldman of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and his colleagues.
Beneforte broccoli, another Monsanto product, has extra high levels of glucoraphanin, a compound that may help the body fight bacterial infections and cancer
The Indigo Rose tomato, developed by Jim Myers of Oregon State University and his team, is as purple as an eggplant because of pigments known as anthocyanins. These compounds may act as antioxidants once consumed, protecting cells from damaging free-flying electrons.
In winter, the U.S. imports most of its cantaloupe because it is too cold to grow and harvest the melon at home. Such imported varieties are often relatively bland because they are prevented from ripening properly so they do not turn mushy on their journey. The Monsanto-developed Melorange cantaloupe retains both firmness and flavor for weeks after ripening.
Click on each fruit or vegetable to learn more about its unique characteristics. Illustration by Marissa Fessenden.